Women choose to have breast augmentation to satisfy their desire for an enhanced bust line. Breast augmentation is a cosmetic surgery procedure performed to increase or modify a patient's breast size or shape by use of breast implants.
The newest surgical techniques combined with advanced breast implant designs and materials make breast augmentation or breast reconstruction better and safer than ever.
Compared with silicone gel implants, the Biocell Anatomic Implants used by Pittsburgh breast augmentation surgeon Dr. Cherup at her Pittsburgh plastic surgery practice are shaped more naturally. And because the breast implants are filled with pure saline solution, they're safer and won't harden over time.
In the past, women couldn't choose much more than the desired cup size. Now, our plastic surgeon takes a dozen measurements to help you select precisely the right size and shape of breast implants to fit your unique body shape. The enlargement results are more predictable and have a more natural appearance than was possible in the past.
Dr. Cherup is among a handful of plastic surgeons in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area consistently employing these state-of-the-art procedures for breast augmentation.» Back to top
Capsular contraction is the most common "complication" or side effect of breast implant surgery. During surgery, a pocket is created for the breast implant that is somewhat larger than the implant itself. During healing, a fibrous membrane called a capsule forms around the device. Under ideal circumstances, the pocket maintains its original dimensions and the breast implant "rests" inside, remaining soft and natural. For reasons still largely unknown, however, the scar capsule shrinks or contracts in some women and squeezes the implants, resulting in various degrees of firmness. This contraction can occur soon after breast enlargement surgery or many years later and can appear in one or both breasts. Current theories suggest that a low grade infection may "trigger" some contraction. The use of a textured surface on the breast implants seems to alter the way in which the scar capsule develops. Although use of textured breast implants has not eliminated capsular contraction, it appears to have reduced this risk to the 5-10% range.
Capsular contraction is not a "health" risk, but it can detract from the quality of the breast augmentation results and cause discomfort, pain, or distortion of the breast contour. In cases of minor contraction, we usually will not suggest surgical correction. Cases of very firm contraction may require surgical intervention. Rarely, if the contraction recurs and cannot be eliminated, the occasional patient may choose to have the breast implants permanently removed. This operation can be performed at one of our Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania offices.Hematoma:
Some postoperative breast augmentation bleeding into the pocket containing the breast implant occurs in 2-3% of women. If the bleeding is minimal, the body will absorb it with time. Marked swelling will probably require surgical removal of the blood, in the O.R. or sometimes by a radiologist.Infection:
Postoperative breast augmentation infection is uncommon, but possible. We reduce this to a minimum by giving intravenous antibiotics during breast enlargement surgery and oral antibiotics after surgery. Most infections are mild and resolve without incident. If a serious infection develops, the breast implants will probably need to be removed and cannot be safely replaced for at least 2 months after healing. This breast revisional surgery process can be performed by a plastic surgeon at one of our breast augmentation Pittsburgh facilities.Loss of Sensation to skin or nipples:
Nerves that supply skin or nipple sensation may be cut or damaged while the pocket or space for the breast implant is being created. Although this does not happen routinely, it can happen no matter how carefully the breast augmentation surgery is performed. If sensory loss occurs, the nerves slowly recover over a period of 1-2 years in about 85% of cases.Exposure or extrusion of implant:
Thin skin, inadequate tissue coverage, capsule formation, infection or severe wrinkling may all contribute to the erosion of an implant through the skin or scar. Should this very rare complication occur, breast implant removal would probably be indicated (at least temporarily). A patients breast implants can be removed at one of our practice locations in or around the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area.Wrinkling:
With the use of textured breast implants, visible wrinkling under the skin has been more noticeable. Occasionally, the edge of the breast implant can be felt. These problems are usually mild and require no treatment. Experience has shown that the wrinkles frequently improve or even disappear within a year. (See Subpectoral Placement below.)Asymmetry:
If your breasts had slightly different shapes before breast enlargement surgery, they may remain slightly different after surgery. Rarely, in spite of careful attention to detail, the dissected pockets may end up slightly different in shape or height. If this is not noted while you are in surgery, but becomes a problem after healing, you may later need a small adjustment procedure. A plastic surgeon from one of our Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania practices, can perform the breast augmentation adjustment procedure.Subpectoral placement of the implant (under the muscle):
If you and plastic surgeon, Dr. Cherup have decided to place the breast implants under the pectoralis muscle, a unique set of risks apply. During contraction of the muscle, the breast implants will temporarily be flattened and/or pulled upward. Occasionally, the breast implants may "ride" higher than their original position because of the muscular contraction. Implants were originally placed under the muscle to reduce the frequency of capsular contraction. With the use of textured breast implants, the frequency of capsular contraction appears to be the same as when the implants are placed above the muscle. Breast implants are usually placed under the muscle in thin, small-breasted women to provide more "cover" over the implant. Placing the implants under the muscle may reduce visible wrinkling.Deflation:
If for any reason the valve or implant covering fails, the saline will leak and be excreted by your body. This causes no medical harm, but the breast implant will need to be replaced in a secondary breast augmentation procedure. The rate of saline-implant leakage is quoted at about 1% over many years. The secondary breast augmentation procedure can be performed at one of our offices in or around Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Loss of skin, breast tissue, or nipple:
This is an extremely rare complication of breast enlargement. It usually develops from an infection that has gotten out of control and results in the death of the involved tissues. This very rare complication will usually involve only small areas that will eventually heal with good wound care. Secondary surgery is a remote possibility.Interference with breast feeding:
Many women with breast implants have nursed their babies successfully. Nevertheless, any breast surgery can theoretically interfere with your ability to breastfeed.Calcium deposits in the tissue or around the implant:
In some Pittsburgh breast augmentation patients, a thin layer of calcium will develop within the scar capsule surrounding the implant. This usually occurs several or more years after the breast implants have been inserted. In these patients, the added density of the scar may reduce the detectability of lesions close to the scar on mammograms. Breast cancers may still be visible and detectable when specialized techniques are used.Breast Cancer:
There is no evidence linking breast implants and breast cancer. The only clinical studies available show that the prevalence of breast cancer in women with implants is the same or even slightly lower than that in women without breast implants! Furthermore, two studies have shown, to date, that the stage of breast cancer detection in women with breast implants appears to be identical to that found in the overall population.Interference with mammography:
You should alert the technician to the fact that you have breast implants. Special techniques will be used and extra views may be needed in order to see as much of the breast tissue as possible. Even under the most ideal circumstances, some breast tissue may remain unseen and a suspicious lesion missed. Because the breast is compressed during mammography, it is possible, but rare, for an implant to rupture.Synmastia (loss of cleavage):
This is a very unusual problem that can develop after normal breast augmentation either above or below the muscle. The skin over the lower sternum (breastbone) pulls away from the bone, and normal cleavage is reduced or eliminated. In its more serious form, the pockets on either side merge to form a single pocket. In the more minor form, the pockets remain separate, but the skin tents upward. Reduced fibrous or elastic "strength" in the subcutaneous tissues may be contributory but is difficult to predict. If the problem develops, correction will require secondary surgery. Further surgery can be performed by Pennsylvania plastic surgeon, Lori Cherup.Immune disorders:
Some women have claimed that silicone gel prostheses have contributed to or stimulated connective tissue disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosis, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis etc. Other complaints involving the nervous system, skin and immune systems have been reported. Reports claiming a causal relationship between silicone gel and such symptoms have been published in the medical literature and widely reported in the press. To the present time, no such relationship has been established scientifically. Gel implants are not available for routine use because of the concerns of the Food and Drug Agency. The saline (salt water) used to fill saline implants is harmless and is excreted in the urine should the breast implant leak or rupture.Presence of silicone rubber:
Saline-filled breast implants are made of silicone rubber. Although silicone rubber has not been implicated in any diseases, and has been used in many types of implants, its use is under investigation.
Breast augmentation is an elective procedure. Enlargement of the breast with fat transfer is not an acceptable procedure. Chest wall muscle exercises may be minimally helpful. For more information on breast augmentation surgical risks, contact plastic surgeon Lori Cherup at one of her practice locations - main practice is located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.» Back to top
During the first week post breast augmentation surgery, attempt to sleep on your back instead of on your side. We want your breast implants to stay in a perfect position during the initial healing process. This is not a "life and death" issue, however. If you cannot sleep on your back, sleep in another comfortable position.Activity:
Avoid heavy lifting and straining for two weeks minimum. You may however do normal activities at any time if they cause no pain or discomfort. Let your body tell you what you can do or not do.Dressings:
The bra acts as a "dressing," holding the breasts and implants in perfect position. Try to keep the bra "even." If the bra feels too tight or hurts, switch immediately to any bra that feels comfortable. A bra that is too tight can cause ulceration of the skin - YOU MUST NOT LET THIS HAPPEN! We want you to wear a bra at all times for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, you may sleep without the bra. You should not go braless during the day for 4-6 weeks after breast enlargement surgery. It is probably more comfortable not to wear an underwire bra.Showering and bathing:
You may shower the day after breast augmentation surgery. If you prefer to bathe, do not allow the incision lines to soak for more than a few minutes in the bath water. Leave the adhesive strips (steri-strips) on your skin. (Do take your bra off while you bathe.)Sutures:
Our Pittsburgh breast enlargement surgeons will remove the sutures below your skin 10-20 days after breast augmentation surgery.Exposure to sunlight:
Scars take at least one year to fade completely. During this time, you must protect them from the sun. Even through a bathing suit, a good deal of sunlight can reach the skin and cause damage. Wear a sunscreen with a skin-protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 at all times when in the sunshine. Be extremely careful if areas of your breast skin have reduced sensitivity.Exercise:
You may take gentle walks within a few days of breast augmentation surgery. Do not return to aerobic exercise for 3 weeks.Driving:
You may drive when driving does not cause pain. This usually occurs in 4-6 days if you have a car with power steering.» Back to top
It is important that you not engage in strenuous activities in the first 3 weeks after breast augmentation surgery. Aerobic exercise will raise your blood pressure, which could cause late bleeding and harm your result. If your job keeps you sedentary, you may return to work when you feel comfortable, several days after surgery. Once you begin exercising again, start gently and let your body tell you what it can tolerate. Don't rush!!Healing of sensory nerves:
Regeneration of the sensory nerves is accompanied by tingling, burning, or shooting pains, which will disappear with time and are nothing to be alarmed about. If however, this is accompanied by swelling or redness, infection, or bleeding, then you will need to see one of our doctors at the office.Asymmetry:
It is quite common for the two breasts to heal differently. One may swell more, one may feel more uncomfortable, or the shapes may differ initially. After complete healing, they should look remarkably similar and natural. Patience is required, but if you are concerned, ask questions of Dr. Cherup or the nursing staff at the Pennsylvania office."Sloshing" sensation:
You may hear and feel "sloshing" in your breast after augmentation surgery. This is not the implant! It is the air that is trapped in the space around the implant and the natural fluid that accumulates after an operation. It will all be absorbed by the body within a few weeks.Shiny skin:
The skin of your breasts may become shiny. This is a result of the swelling that occurs after surgery. Within a few weeks, the edema and swelling will subside and the skin will look more normal.
Sensitivity: As the nerves regenerate, the nipples commonly become hypersensitive. This will subside with time. You may find that gentle massaging helps.
For more information on breast augmentation, including answers to questions about the breast implants used for enlargement and pre- and postoperative instructions, feel free to contact plastic surgeon Lori Cherup - main office location is in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Dr. Cherup also helps breast reduction, male breast reduction and breast lift Pittsburgh patients achieve their desired look. Many women seeking a mommy makeover in Pittsburgh choose Pittsburgh female plastic surgeon Dr. Cherup.» Back to top